The population of the world is not evenly distributed around the globe and there are considerable variations in density.

The following diagrams show FOUR different areas or maps. The diagram tells us TWO important things about population.

Firstly the population is spread in different ways; in other words population varies in distribution.

Secondly, each area has a different size of population, or different density.

ABCD
One Unit of Population
One Square km

## Choose suitable words from the list below and insert them into the table. Complete the rest of the table by inserting the correct density information. Give the population density as: x/sq.km.

 Distribution: DispersedConcentrated

 Distribution Density Population Density Map A Map B Map C Map D

 Density: SparseMediumHigh

In some areas of the word there are many people, in others there are very few people or even none at all. Some areas attract people to them because conditions at that place make life easy. Other areas are not so attractive so fewer people live there.

## Study the map of the world and the other picture sources of different regions of the world and then write a short (200 word) essay on why people choose to live in some areas of the world and not in others. Make comparisons and outline a few specific points. Then answer the remaining questions.

Why do you think people avoid living in Tundra and Hot Deserts?

What relationship can you see between Tundra and population density?

Why do you think that people live close to active volcanoes?

Why do people continue to live in the flood plains of Bangladesh even though their crops are wiped out almost every year due to floods?

What does population density mean?

Why does no one live here?

# DENSE AND SPARSE POPULATION

Six places are marked on the map with the numbers 1-6. They represent the following regions: Amazon Basin, Antarctica, Bangladesh, Himalayas, Sahara, Western Europe.

On the table write the correct name to each number in column B In column C of the table state whether each of the six regions has DENSE or SPARSE population. Write the correct description in column D from the list given below
1. Flat, fertile soils for intensive rice farming
2. Hot and dry
3. Many factories, intensive farming
4. Steep slopes and thin soil
5. Very cold and covered in snow and ice
6. Very hot and wet

A: NumberB: Name of RegionC: DensityD: Description of Region
1
2
3
4
5
6

Give a brief description of the reasons for dense or sparse population in each region. Choose one region with dense population and one region with sparse population. For each region you have chosen write a paragraph to explain fully the reasons for the population density.

Dense Population
Region chosen:
Explanation:

Sparse Population
Region chosen:
Explanation:

# HOW DOES POPULATION CHANGE?

The population of the world is changing very quickly. Experts have worked out that every hour there are an extra 8,000 people living on our planet. See if you can calculate how many people are added to the planet every day __________, every hour __________, every min. _________

The rate of increase is enough to fill the Island of Nassau every _________ hrs.

## There are 260,000 people in The Bahamas. How long does it take for the world's population to increase to reach the size of the Bahamian population?

In 1987the world's population passed the 5,000 million mark and by the year 2010 it is expected to reach 6,100 million. The increase in population is now so fast that it is referred to as the "population explosion"

## List FIVE problems that are associated with with this rapidly increasing population.

Population increases when the number of babies born is greater than the number of people dying. The number of babies being born each year is called the BIRTH RATE. The number of people who die each year is called the DEATH RATE.

Birth rates and death rates are measured as the number of births and deaths for each 1,000 of the population. The speed at which the population increases is called the POPULATION GROWTH RATE.

 Increasing birth rate Steady birth rate Decreasing birth rate

# WHERE ARE ALL THE PEOPLE?

It is obvious that people do not generally live in areas that are too hot, too cold, too dry or too wet.

## Look at the table below and complete the blanks from the list of alternatives given. For each box give an example of a location in the world.

Physical
Areas of difficultyAreas of Attraction
Relief

Drainage

Climate
Areas of difficultyAreas of Attraction
Rainfall

Temperature

Soils
Areas of difficultyAreas of Attraction

Resources
Areas of difficultyAreas of Attraction

• Coal fields, oil fields, or other areas rich in metal ores
• Thin soils with few nutrients
• Areas not too hot, not too cold often near moderating influences of oceans and seas
• Deserts and arid areas with little rainfall. Areas of very heavy rainfall
• Well drained areas with good supplies of water. River valleys
• High mountains with steep slopes
• Lowland with gentle slopes
• Poorly drained areas, marshes
• Dry or desert areas
• Not too wet, not too dry
• Very cold areas, very hot areas
• Deep fertile soils with lush vegetation
• Few natural resources, thin soils, few mineral deposits

Clearly there exist areas where many of the aspects of difficulty coincide. Similarly there are many areas where the aspects of attraction coincide - when this happens large concentrations of people occur.

# MILLIONAIRE CITIES

A millionaire city is a city which has a million or more people living in it.

Nassau is not a millionaire city, but Miami is. How many millionaire cities are there in North and South America? You can find out this information by looking in an atlas or a book about populations.

The table below gives the population of some of the largest 15 cities in the world.

CityPopulation in Millions 1980Population in Millions 2000 (estimate)
Mexico City1331
Sao Paulo1326
Tokyo2026
New York1822
Calcutta920
Rio de Janeiro1019
Shanghai1219
Beijing (Peking)1019
Bombay819
Seoul918
Jakarta717
Cairo917
Karachi616
Los Angeles1115
Buenos Aires1014

Using an atlas mark the 15 cities from the chart above on the world map below.

Fill in the table below to show the number of the world's biggest cities in each of the major world regions.

World regionAfricaAsiaAustralasiaLatin AmericaNorth America
Number of biggest cities in year 2010

# POPULATION MOVEMENT

## POPULATION MOVEMENT

The chart above gives an indication of people movement from rural to urban areas in developing countries. The general name for all the movement shown is migration. Most of the movements are within the country concerned but some people do leave the country and emigrate to a city in another country. Most movements are from a village to the nearest town. Some migrants move several times to cities of increasing size, while people born in small towns may move to a larger city.

Migrants rarely loose touch with their original farm or village roots.

• Many movements to the nearest town are seasonal to find work and last only a matter of months.
• Longer-distant migrants to regional or national capitals will often send money home to relatives, and visit occasionally.
• Sometimes emigrants may return to their original homes when they retire from working in the city.

Before leaving a farm or village, difficult personal decisions have to be taken. The advantages and disadvantages of moving or staying must be carefully weighed up. The city may appear very attractive and lure people away from the village. In addition life in the village may become increasingly hard, leaving little choice but to move and seek a better life in the city.

But the ties of family, tradition and home are very strong. It is important to realize also that news of the city will sometimes reach the village second or third hand. A person thinking of migrating any distance is most unlikely to have enough money to go and see what the city looks like before deciding to move. Sometimes ideas of what city life will be like are unrealistic, but increasingly migrants are aware of the reality of life that awaits them in the city.

# PUSH AND PULL

There are many reasons why people migrate.

## Complete the diagrams below by listing some reasons why the country pushes people "out" and why cities pull people "in".

 PUSH OF THE COUNTRY PULL OF THE CITY

# ATTRACTIONS OF THE CITY FOR MANY MIGRANTS

• Factories are located in cities, therefore jobs may be found, and money can be earned. Some of these factories are set up by the government of the country or by multinational companies. Multinational companies have their headquarters in the developed world and build factories in both developed and developing countries. Many of the new factories are costly to build and equip but need relatively few people to run them. They are capital intensive but not labour intensive. Because they are not labour intensive few migrants are likely to get work in them.
• Houses with modern amenities such as water and electricity are found in cities, but they are expensive to rent or buy and so are out of reach for most migrants.
• Education is better in cities This is very important to most migrants who not only want a better life for themselves but also are determined that their children should have the chance of a good education, and the benefits this brings.

In addition it is in the larger cities that governments set up offices to run the country, and build hospitals and clinics that can bring improved medical care to the greatest number of people.